IRAN (OBSERVATORY) – The “new agreement” with Iran, proposed by French President Emmanuel Macron, is aimed at his US counterpart Donald Trump to go beyond the current nuclear deal to counter US criticism.
Following are the overtly announced proposals and the difficulties that McCron may face for this new agreement, which has challenged the Iranian president in the legitimacy of the demands to reach him.
– New Extended Agreement –
McCron admitted there was a “disagreement” about the Vienna agreement signed in July 2015 between Iran and the major powers (China, the United States, France, Britain, Russia and Germany) after years of negotiations. Under the agreement, Iran has agreed to freeze its nuclear program until 2025.
But whatever Trump’s decision, which is expected to be unveiled on May 12, would stop him because he considers it insufficient, McCron suggests that negotiations on a new deal be conducted on four issues:
– Keep the ban on uranium enrichment, which is the first stage of producing an atomic bomb, as was the case in 2015. If the United States remains in agreement, the problem has been resolved. If Trump decided on May 12 to break the agreement, the idea was to open negotiations on how to continue monitoring Iran’s nuclear activity after all.
– “Ensuring that there is no Iranian nuclear activity in the long term” – that is, after 2025 – the year set for the start of some of the terms of the current agreement, which provides for a number of technical restrictions on Iranian activities, which could allow Iran to resume enrichment.
– “Ending ballistic activities for Iran in the region,” a hint of Tehran’s medium- and short-range missile program that Iran has been developing for years.
– “Creating conditions for a political solution containing Iran in the region in Yemen, Syria, Iraq and Lebanon.” At this point, Macaron hints at stalled peace negotiations in Syria because of opposition from Syria’s allies Iran and Russia, as well as to the conflict in Yemen, which accuses Tehran of handing over Houthi rebels to weapons.
In Lebanon, Iran supports Hezbollah, which the United States considers a terrorist organization.
“We can not tear up an agreement to go to nothing, we have to build a broader agreement on Iran for the stability of the region,” Macron said.
– Negotiations –
Macron confirmed that a “small group” of ministers had begun to work on that and would meet again soon.
France proposes to discuss the new deal with its European allies, but also “certainly with Russia and Turkey,” while the Kremlin said the deal was “irreplaceable.”
Ankara is involved in the Syrian conflict, where it is concerned about the emergence of a Kurdish-controlled area backed by Washington.
Tehran on Saturday warned it would resume uranium enrichment “strongly” if the deal was broken.
– Mystery –
Trump was not clear about his decision on the Iranian deal, which he threatened to tear to impose new sanctions on the Iranian regime. But he does not seem to reject Macron’s offer.
“No one knows what I’m going to do on May 12,” he said. “I think we have an extraordinary opportunity to make a bigger deal.”
Whether it’s yes or no, it will be possible to make a better agreement on solid foundations, “because” an agreement he founded is corrupt, it’s a bad deal, with bad intentions. ”
Macron said he hoped the friendly atmosphere of the meeting would help his US counterpart change his mind.
“If the hour or more we spent together means that the United States will come out of the agreement and France wants to defend it, then our friendship will not help,” he said.
British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson said that in the face of Washington’s departure from the deal, other Western signatories were thinking of a way to keep the agreement “in a non-American version.”