UNITED STATES (OBSERVATORY NEWS) — The UK Parliament has approved the decision to call early parliamentary elections on 12 December, and the election results could lead to an even deeper political crisis and greater uncertainty about the country’s departure from the European Union ( Brexit).
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has failed to convince the London Parliament of the correctness of his agreement with the European Union (EU). Johnson thus failed to live up to his promise to leave the EU by October 31, while securing parliament’s approval of early elections.
The opposition accepted the election proposal because it had previously approved postponing Brexit until the end of January next year, thus avoiding the UK exit scenario without a previously reached agreement on mutual commitments and relations. next.
Brexit has put the UK in a deep political crisis and it is certain that this will also be the main topic of the pre-election campaign. Voters will also show a stand on Brexit, which has shaken sharply over the three-year process from which no exit is yet to be seen.
With 52 per cent of the vote in the referendum, the British voted for divorce from the EU, while two million elderly people who were largely in favor of Brexit have died in the past three years. At the same time, 2.5 million new voters have gained the right to vote, largely in support of staying in the EU.
The UK may boast of being the world’s fifth-largest economic power, but at the same time there are 14 million people living below the poverty line.
The future government of Britain is also awaiting solutions to accumulated infrastructure problems that occur mainly outside London, including problems in transport and health services.
It was precisely these issues that were the main reasons for Brexit supporters in the 2016 referendum. Brexit protagonists promised that the country’s parliament would restore sovereignty and solve problems.
Recent opinion polls have shown that Brexit has outperformed traditional political perceptions of voters and that in the new elections there may be a large influx of voters who have traditionally been considered conservative or Labor.
The current divisions on the political scene in Britain do not give high expectations that this country with the December elections could be made with a government that will have a concise and effective policy to deal with the Brexit drag.
Under the electoral system, the UK is divided into 650 constituencies in which the candidate with the most votes is elected to the national parliament. The scenario is possible for a political party to win the largest number of votes and this victory may not be reflected in the new parliamentary composition.
The current prime minister and leader of the Conservative Party, Johnson, during the election campaign will criticize parliament that has blocked the government’s plan to leave the European Union in the last three years. The question arises as to how much Johnson has managed to impose as a leader that could bring Britain out of the crisis it is in. This question will be answered by the results of the December elections.
Johnson has to decide whether to campaign as a strong supporter of Brexit, or to emphasize the deal he recently reached with EU leaders. If pushed for radical implementation of Brexit, Johnson’s influence would be significantly weakened by the right and may remain without a significant proportion of moderate conservatives.
The opposition in Britain is led by Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn, who won an increase in his party’s membership in parliament two years ago but failed to threaten then-Conservative leader Theresa May.
Corbyn is known as a supporter of leaving the European Union, but in the next election he will have to take care to keep young labors opposed to Brexit. At the same time, he must not disappoint the electorate in the industrial cities that overwhelmingly voted for Brexit.
It is certain that Corbyn will prove this by promising to announce a new referendum on Brexit.
Fighting poverty, poor health care, tightening security and nationalization rather than privatization are some of the main topics Corbyn will address during the campaign.
The third most powerful political option in the British Parliament is the Scottish National Party (SNP), which clearly and vociferously opposes Britain’s exit from the European Union.
Also in the 2016 referendum, 62 per cent of Scots were against Brexit, which the SNP is sure to highlight during the campaign, where it is expected to continue the fight for Scotland’s exit from the UK.
The Liberal Democratic Party wants to be Britain’s top political option after a hundred years. They want to win voter support by promising to abolish Brexit and keep the country in the European Union.
The Brexit party emerged earlier this year and will make its debut in the next election. Leading the party is former UK Independent Party (UKIP) leader Nigel Farange.
Radical rightist Farange is known as a political figure who led the referendum campaign for Britain’s exit from the European Union, while the Brexit Party won the May elections to the European Parliament.
The Brexit party during the campaign will advocate leaving the European Union without reaching an agreement with Brussels.
Recent polls predict the Conservative Party will win 37 percent of the vote in December, the Labor Party 22 percent. Polls also predict that liberals will win 19 per cent, the Brexit Party 11 per cent and the SNP 4 per cent of the vote.
The overall percentage of votes won does not mean much in the end, as members of Parliament are elected separately in each constituency. Thus, the Green Party may win 7 percent of the vote, but there is no chance that even in one constituency it will win and issue a deputy mandate.
It remains certain that political options that share similar views on Brexit will be incorporated into technical cooperation and constituencies have joint candidates.
According to polls, such cooperation is observed between the Conservative Party, the Brexit Party and the Democratic Union Party of Northern Ireland on the one hand, and the Labor Party, the Liberal Democratic Party and the Scottish National Party on the other.
In the case of the Conservative bloc’s victory, it is clear that Britain will leave the European Union by the end of January next year, while in the case of the Labor bloc’s victory, the UK may announce a new referendum on Brexit. -in.
This article is written and prepared by our foreign editors writing for OBSERVATORY NEWS from different countries around the world – material edited and published by OBSERVATORY staff in our newsroom.
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