UNITED STATES (OBSERVATORY NEWS) — The CIA has been spying on states for more than 50 years with Swiss equipment to transmit classified information. This was found out by journalists of the German television company ZDF and the American newspaper The Washington Post. About 120 countries of the world used this cryptosystem.
Letter by letter, military, spies and diplomats encrypted messages during World War II, during the Cold War and in the 21st century. Machines and mechanisms improved, but one thing remained constant – the Swiss manufacturing company invariably transferred all encryption keys to its owners – the CIA and German intelligence.
Dozens of countries from Mexico and Chile to Indonesia and Japan paid Switzerland billions for cryptographic equipment and, in fact, passed on their secrets to Americans and Germans for their money. Even Iran and Libya believed in the neutrality of the Swiss.
“Gaddafi, possessing good enough financial resources, always bought good equipment to encrypt all negotiations. And his lines were almost all protected,” says corresponding member of the Academy of Military Sciences Sergey Sudakov.
At least Muammar Gaddafi believed in the security of his correspondence. Here is a photograph from the talks of Jimmy Carter and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. Leaving the White House, Sadat immediately sent an encryption to Cairo. A matter of hours and the contents of the secret message are on the table of the American leader.
Carter, apparently, cherished this system so much that he did not even tell his brother about it. Intelligence intercepted what should not. It became known that Bill Carter – the brother of Jimmy – received millions of payments from Gaddafi. The case eventually hushed up.
According to some reports, a Crypto system or similar was used even in 2011. “When the operation to eliminate Bin Laden was carried out. This opera was conducted in a foreign country – Pakistan. And believe me, it is impossible to enter Pakistan without understanding the keys to their networks,” Sudakov noted.
Only two countries did not trust the Swiss and did not buy their equipment – the USSR and China. In Moscow and Beijing they used exclusively their equipment.
“We took everything new that appeared, technical innovations, scientific knowledge. It is clear that we also engaged in intelligence in the interests of improving the encryption school. But our schools were and remain the best in the world,” said the State Duma deputy, an employee of the Main Directorate of the KGB of the USSR (until 1991 years) Nikolai Ryzhak.
Experts recall that dozens of companies, not only Crypto, tried to supply equipment to us. But each time it turned out that the technique that should keep secrets reveals these secrets. “We resorted to the services of a number of well-known companies. As a rule, all of this was fraught. We found appropriate bookmarks. Moreover, some were dormant. And they began to act in case of aggravation of the situation,” Ryzhak said.
Nevertheless, the USSR conducted secret correspondence with the client countries of the Swiss company – with the same Iran, the countries of Latin America and Africa. Did this make Soviet data vulnerable? The Washington Post reporters in their new investigation suggest that yes. But Russian cryptographers are sure not. In order to conduct encrypted correspondence, specialists at both ends must use equipment of the same manufacturer.
“The situation when Soviet equipment is on one side of the line and Crypto production is standing on the other side of the line is impossible. It is very unlikely that it would be very unlikely that keys produced by the Soviet side would be loaded into a machine that was not trusted and produced by someone unknown. Most likely, these are the fantasies of The Washington Post journalists, “said Vartan Khachaturov, general director of NPK Kryptonite.
However, even in this situation, a number of American journalists conclude that the United States, and the Russians, are to blame for the total surveillance. Why? Yes, because the best mathematicians and cryptographers are from Russia. Even the founder of Crypto and the inventor of their first machine, Boris Heiglin, was born in our country. From Russia and his partner William Friedman. So, the Americans write, encryption in the blood of Russians, and the CIA only skillfully uses it.
This article is written and prepared by our foreign editors writing for OBSERVATORY NEWS from different countries around the world – material edited and published by OBSERVATORY staff in our newsroom.
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