UNITED STATES (OBSERVATORY NEWS) — On Saturday, the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities announced the success of an archaeological mission led by Mustafa Waziri, secretary general of the High Council on Antiquities. In the necropolis of El Assassif, archaeologists have discovered a tomb with 30 painted wooden sarcophagi, in which the bodies of men, women and children lie.
They were found completely intact and closed. The sarcophagi themselves with ancient mummies are located on two levels: one group (18 sarcophagi) on the other (18 sarcophagi).
According to the ministry, the last time archaeologists managed to find such a large burial place was only at the end of the 19th century. And now, after a hundred years, Egyptian archaeologists have found another cache in Luxor.
Among the most famous similar finds of the past are two burials with the mummies of the pharaohs (one is located in Deir el-Bahri and was found in 1881, and the second is the tomb KV35 of the pharaoh Amenhotep II, discovered in 1898) and the tomb of Bab el Gasus, where in 1891 dozens of mummies of priests were found.
The Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities thanked archaeologists, restorers, and workers who worked hard and survived many trials during archaeological work. According to the agency, this is the first cache discovered by Egyptian archaeologists. In addition, the ministry wants to dispel some doubts about this discovery.
Rumor has it that the burial was allegedly made in 1967. According to the ministry, these rumors are not worth paying attention to. There is no weighty evidence supporting them. All these speculations are aimed at discrediting any discoveries made by the Egyptian department.
The goal of the ministry is to draw the world’s attention to Egypt and its ancient heritage.
The discovery ceremony was attended by renowned archaeologist Dr. Zahi Hawass and Luxor Governor Mustafa Elham. The event received coverage of international and local media.
As Mustafa Waziri explained, archaeological excavations began about two months ago with the goal of completing work that began back in 2018. As a result, many burials were discovered, including the original entrance to the tomb of the TT28 and two tombs of the Ramses era.
This season, it was decided to expand the excavation zone to include the eastern part of the courtyard, where work began last season. During excavations, archaeologists found a tomb with 30 wooden sarcophagi for priests, priestesses and children.
The find belongs to the era of the 22nd dynasty of the pharaohs, who lived in the 10th century BC, that is, it is about 3000 years old.
In the sarcophagi lie the mummies of priests and priestesses who served the idols of Luxor – the gods Amon and Khons. Three out of thirty sarcophagi contain mummies of children. The find is the highest burial in the tomb of TT28. Sarcophagi received a different design. So, the painting and decoration of some of them was completely completed, while others stopped work at an early stage. Finally, among them there are finished sarcophagi, but without painting the scenes, or partially painted.
The sarcophagi are beautifully painted, they depict scenes of sacrifice to various gods, as well as scenes from the Book of the Dead and a scene of sacrifice to Pharaoh Amenhotep I, who became a god after death. In addition, on the sarcophagi there are inscriptions with the titles of the buried (“priest of the god Amun”), as well as other inscriptions.
Today, this cache is evidence of a difficult historical period, when the looting of tombs became more frequent, and the construction of huge necropolises began, where sarcophagi played an important role in preserving the bodies. Interestingly, the scenes that had previously been placed on the walls of the tombs were now depicted on the walls of sarcophagi.
Scenes and inscriptions on the sides of the sarcophagus illustrate the connection of this cache with the region, as the sarcophagi depicts the goddess Hathor and the pharaoh Amenhotep I, who were worshiped in the Deir al-Bahri region, of which the necropolis of El Assassif is undoubtedly a part.
The Egyptians did not choose this place for burial. Besides the fact that they considered it sacred, it was safe at a time when the tombs of the pharaohs were plundered.
Group burials were known before. At one time, archaeologists discovered a necropolis near the temple of Queen Hatshepsut, dated to the reign of the 21st dynasty of the pharaohs. The sarcophagi of the priests of the god Amun were discovered in it. Although the number of sarcophagi found in this burial differs from the cache in El Assassif, both date from historical periods when mass graves were popular.
In turn, Teib Abbas, director general for archaeological issues at the Great Egyptian Museum, said that the entire collection will be transferred to the museum, where a special room was allocated for it. He added that the found sarcophagi will be handed over to the museum after the restoration work, which will be carried out by specialists of the Great Egyptian Museum in cooperation with the Center for the Restoration of Antiquities in Luxor.
I think it would be a good idea to weigh Hawass on the scales before he enters the tomb, and then when he leaves.
Picketty Witch replied to Prestonesfpv
It’s ridiculous! But, unfortunately, he is really a thief and a liar.
Philbert Desanex replied to Prestonesfpv
Hawass is a puppet. He simply hides the story in order to promote the desired program.
It is sad to hear that the expedition is led by Hawass … This means that we may never find out the truth about what they found. Why can’t you just deprive him of the right to do archeology?
Why is he still allowed to approach ancient artifacts?
Hawass knew about this tomb and many other burials even when he was secretary of the Council of Antiquities. Now that he is no longer in this position, he can reap the benefits of fame and continue to gradually reveal information about various finds in order to keep the tourism industry afloat. You can’t immediately tell about everything, because people are not able to perceive a lot of information at once and very quickly forget everything. In an economic sense, this is unreasonable.
It does not matter what archaeologists will find if only the one who offers the highest price can find out the truth. Sending Dr. Zaha Havassa is the only way to make sure that all new finds remain intact and that people find out about them.
Of course, they are beginning to accelerate the pace of excavations now that profit has loomed ahead. They work for money, not for knowledge.
The trade in Egyptian antiquities reached its peak under the leadership of Hawass.
Unbelievable! It is so sad that the political turmoil in this region completely obscures such discoveries.
I thought Hawassa had long been kicked out of Egyptologists because of illegal trade and theft.
Can it be considered a coincidence that they found 20 sarcophagi just on the eve of the opening of a new museum? Hm …
Don’t we disturb the dead? These findings are absolutely astounding, but sometimes I think that we have already found enough and that we should leave the dead alone. I can’t even imagine that after 1000 years someone would start digging our remains.
I thought Hawass was fired a long time ago. Perhaps he knows where the remains are buried, but he intends to act with his usual snail speed in order to collect all the money and attention that he can. This is an incredibly corrupt and greedy person. I was so glad when they kicked him out, but now he appears again and collects everything he can.
Shady pines ma
It is possible that some of the sarcophagi that Hawass is looking for are already buried under his own house.
Egypt should focus primarily on making the country safe for tourists.
Although I can understand exhumation for the sake of returning the remains to their homeland, for the purpose of investigating a crime, or even for the sake of moving the remains to the family crypt, looking at these photos, I wonder: what, exactly, is happening here?
The ranks of sarcophagi containing the remains of people, mummies, fathers and children, and a bunch of ghouls drooling over their value to historians seeking the glory of quasi-experts on civilized communities who are exclusively interested in the profit of the tourism industry <…>
Bill the traveler
Dr. Zaha Hawass obviously knows exactly where all these skeletons are buried. In a literal sense! Two large finds in one week. I am sure that this will be followed by new discoveries of the Almighty Hawass and his team. Who knows, maybe he can again earn the favor of the Ministry of Antiquities.
This article is written and prepared by our foreign editors writing for OBSERVATORY NEWS from different countries around the world – material edited and published by OBSERVATORY staff in our newsroom.
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