US, WASHINGTON (NEWS OBSERVATORY) — The Djoser Pyramid is considered the oldest monumental stone structure on Earth. Egypt reopened the Djoser Pyramid, the first pyramid ever built, after a 14-year restoration worth about $ 6.6 million.
The attraction, located in the village of Sakkara near Cairo, became available for the first time since 1930, when Egyptian authorities closed it due to security requirements. Restoration work began in 2006 and was interrupted for two years in 2011 after a popular uprising in Egypt and the overthrow of President Hosni Mubarak.
“We have completed the restoration of the first and oldest Egyptian pyramid of the pharaoh Djoser, the founder of the Old Kingdom <…> This is the first building in the world built entirely of stone,” Khaled El-Enany, Minister of Antiquities and Tourism of Egypt.
During the restoration, all the corridors of the pyramid were cleaned and modern lighting systems were installed.
The pyramid was built about 4700 years ago in the era of the pharaoh Djoser, one of the rulers of the Third dynasty of ancient Egypt.
This is a six-step building with a height of 60 meters, inside of which there is a labyrinth of tunnel chambers and galleries, the total length of which is about six kilometers.
They are connected to the funerary shaft located in the center. Its area is seven square meters and the depth is 28 meters.
Such a mine is a unique feature of the Djoser pyramid, and is not found in later Egyptian tombs. According to the late Egyptian tradition, the highest dignitary (chati) of Djoser Imhotep is considered the architect of the Djoser pyramid.
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