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European leaders activate the “mechanism for resolving the nuclear dispute” with Iran

UNITED STATES (OBSERVATORY NEWS)

The leaders of Britain, France and Germany announced, on Tuesday, their activation of the dispute settlement mechanism included in the nuclear agreement with Iran, against the background of Tehran’s “failure” to honor its obligations under the agreement.

This came in a joint statement of the three European countries, according to the agency “Associated Press” American.

The heads of state said in the statement that they were “left without choice in view of Iran’s actions.”

They added: “Today we record our concerns that Iran will not meet its obligations.”

For his part, German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said, in a separate statement, that the three European countries “can no longer leave Iran’s increasing violations of the nuclear agreement unanswered.”

He continued: “Our goal is clear; we want to maintain the agreement and reach a diplomatic solution within it, and we call on Iran to participate constructively in the negotiation process that has begun now,” according to the same source.

And the dispute settlement mechanism means that if one of the parties to the nuclear agreement believes that the other party is not fulfilling its obligations, then it may resort to a number of steps to settle the problem, and in the event that this is not possible, the matter may reach the file of the UN Security Council, and the possibility of re-imposing sanctions. .

In May 2018, Washington withdrew from the 2015 nuclear agreement between Iran and the 5 + 1 group, which includes Russia, Britain, China, the United States, France and Germany, and imposed economic sanctions on Tehran.

The agreement provides for Tehran’s commitment to abandon, for a period of no less than 10 years, vital parts of its nuclear program, and restrict it significantly, with the aim of preventing it from acquiring the ability to develop nuclear weapons, in exchange for the lifting of sanctions imposed on it.

On January 5, Iran announced the suspension of all its pledges in the framework of the nuclear agreement, against the background of the killing of the commander of the Iranian “Quds Force” Qassem Soleimani, in a US raid in Iraq.

In a statement, the Iranian government stated that it has suspended all its obligations within the nuclear agreement, and will not abide by them from now on, stressing that “Tehran will not honor the obligations related to uranium enrichment, storage, research and development.”

However, it confirmed Tehran’s continued cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency, and its readiness to return to the agreement if sanctions are lifted and its interests are secured within its framework.

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