First Aid: Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

UNITED STATES, WASHINGTON (OBSERVATORY) — On how not to get confused in a difficult situation and what to do before the ambulance arrives, says the host of the First Aid project of the Doctor TV channel, resuscitator Alexei Starkov.

According to statistics, about one and a half million people die from carbon monoxide poisoning every year. Almost two-thirds of the victims are men. It is they who often mess around in the garage, dealing with a car.

It is a car indoors that could well cause the death of a person nearby! Since the internal combustion engine emits carbon monoxide – a substance without color and odor.

Before the invention of electronic carbon monoxide detectors, miners were at particular risk. And to control the level of carbon monoxide in the mine used … canaries. Metabolism in birds is faster, and they react to gas poisoning earlier. As soon as the bird stopped twittering and fell dead, people got out of the mine. That is why, and not because of loud sound, modern CO indicators are called “electronic canaries.”

The most important thing in case of carbon monoxide poisoning is to remove a person from the zone of action of this gas as quickly as possible, while observing personal safety measures.

After this, you need to call an ambulance, in anticipation of the arrival of which you need to check and monitor the consciousness and breathing of a person. When breathing stops, cardiopulmonary resuscitation should be performed.

As long as consciousness and breathing are preserved, the best thing that can be done for a person is to provide an influx of fresh air, to unfasten clothes. Ideally, this should be pure moistened oxygen, but so far it is not at least fanned with a newspaper, direct a fan or air conditioning to a person. The fresher a stream of air arrives at him, the easier it will be for him to breathe. In anticipation of the arrival of an ambulance, it will not be amiss to drink a person strong tea, alkaline mineral water.

If loss of consciousness occurs, we need to make sure that the person’s breathing is preserved, using the see-hear-feel technique : tip your head, put your ear to your mouth and nose, try to hear breathing in 10 seconds while looking at the chest wall, trying On the cheek, feel the flow of exhaled air.

After making sure that the person’s breathing is preserved, you need to put him in a stable lateral position, while waiting for the ambulance to arrive, this will be the best option to prevent tongue retraction and aspiration of vomit.


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