UNITED STATES (OBSERVATORY NEWS) — The relationship of retired Libyan Major General Khalifa Haftar to Russia was not limited to his visits from time to time to Moscow from 2016 until recently, but it focused on mercenaries who deepen the crises here and there.
That relationship began in the 1970s during the Soviet Union, when Haftar, who was trying to overthrow the internationally recognized Libyan reconciliation government, received military training in Moscow at the time.
Several reports have also documented cooperative relations between Haftar, the Russian mercenaries and those leading their operations.
His relations with Russia
after the coup attempt that Haftar started in Libya in 2016, striking a wall with the Skhirat Agreement signed in Morocco in late 2015, he tried to obtain support from several sides and visited Moscow several times since then until today.
Haftar was received at the highest level in Moscow and met with Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu and Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov.
In 2017, Haftar visited the Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov carrying out missions in the Mediterranean, and also received the Russian aircraft carrier as it entered Libyan territorial waters.
Russian Defense Minister Shoigu had a meeting with Haftar via closed-circuit and told him that Russia had sent medical supplies.
Haftar and the Russian mercenaries
In 2018 Haftar visited Moscow and met with Minister of Defense Sergei Shoigu and Chief of Staff Valery Gerasimov.
Haftar participated in the meeting held with senior officers of the Russian Ministry of Defense, Russian businessman Yevgeny Prezhugin, who is said to be funding the Russian security company Wagner, which includes Russian mercenary soldiers accused of deepening crises in Syria and Ukraine.
The press published photos and videos showing the participation of businessman Brigogen financier Wagner in the delegation that met Haftar in Russia.
At that time, the Russian authorities said that businessman Przogin participated in organizing the Libyan delegation’s program.
After this visit, reliable reports revealed the presence of Russian mercenaries belonging to the Wagner security group in Libya, estimated at about two thousand, and it was found that “Wagner” provided support to Haftar forces and provided him with weapons, military missions and drones.
Haftar and the Soviet
Union During the Soviet Union, Haftar participated in the “Federal” course to prepare senior officers during the period 1977-1978 and received a one-year high-level training on ground force command formations and methods and methods of fire.
This training course was attended by many Red Army officers during World War II, and after the Arab-Israeli wars began to graduate foreign officers, and with this Haftar found the opportunity to get to know many officers from Africa and the Middle East.
In 1983, the revolutionary Haftar received a military education in the Mikhail Frunze Military Academy in Russia.
In the 1990s, Haftar was forced to seek refuge in the United States after his conflict with the late Libyan President Muammar Gaddafi, and some say he is a CIA agent.
After years of being absent from the scene, Haftar reappeared again in 2014, and there are many reports of Russian mercenary soldiers supporting Haftar in his attempts to topple the internationally recognized Accord government.
Global public opinion is closely following Hifter’s coup attempt against the government of national reconciliation recognized by the United Nations.
Since April 4, the militias of Khalifa Hifter have waged a deadly attack to control the capital, Tripoli, the seat of the internationally recognized “National Accord” government.
Haftar’s attack on Tripoli neglected the efforts of the United Nations to hold a dialogue conference between the Libyans as part of an international road map to deal with the internal conflict.
On Wednesday, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, in a joint statement after their meeting in Istanbul, called for a ceasefire in Libya that starts at midnight on Sunday.
The Presidential Council of the Libyan government, internationally recognized, and the Supreme Council of State (representative adviser), and the Libyan House of Representatives in the capital, Tripoli, on Wednesday, welcomed the call for a ceasefire, and the search for a diplomatic solution to end the crisis.
On the other hand, on Friday, the militias of Khalifa Hifter rejected the Turkish-Russian initiative.
This article is written and prepared by our foreign editors writing for OBSERVATORY NEWS from different countries around the world – material edited and published by OBSERVATORY staff in our newsroom.
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