UNITED STATES, WASHINGTON (OBSERVATORY) — If India and Pakistan decided to direct their nuclear warheads to major centers to cause maximum damage, the result would be a true apocalypse of modern times, according to The National Interest.
One of the oldest territorial conflicts in the world is between India and Pakistan, two nuclear-weapon countries that have waged three wars, not to mention many skirmishes.
Taking into account these antecedents, as well as intense regional competition and the nationalist politics of the two countries, ten American researchers have set the scene for a possible Indo-Pakistan war, reports The National Interest.
According to their calculations published in the journal Science Advances, nearly 125 million people could perish in this hypothesis on both sides of the Indo-Pakistan border.
The study is full of scientific data difficult to understand for the general public, but its conclusions are clear for all: compared to an Indo-Pakistan nuclear war, the previous conflicts would look like small battles.
Apocalypse of modern times
If the two governments decided to direct their warheads on large megacities to cause maximum damage, it would be an apocalypse of modern times, says The National Interest.
“Because of the population density of Pakistani and Indian cities, even a war with 15-kiloton weapons could result in deaths roughly equivalent to those of the Second World War,” the study’s authors write.
A war with 100 kiloton weapons could result in “2.5 times more deaths in the world than during the Second World War, and in this nuclear war” it would take only one week.
Threat of death around the world
In addition, this war would have a devastating impact on the environment of their neighbors in South Asia and elsewhere. The amount of sunlight reaching the Earth’s surface would decrease by 20 to 25 percent, resulting in average two to five degrees of temperature decrease and 15 to 30 percent reduction in precipitation.
The recovery of the Earth would take more than 10 years.
Net primary productivity would decrease by 15 to 30 percent on land and by 5 to 15 percent in the oceans, posing a threat of famine and death around the world.
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