ISRAEL (OBSERVATORY NEWS) — The third in 11 months parliamentary elections will be held on Monday in Israel. Based on their results, the composition of the 120-seat Knesset of the 23rd convocation will be determined, after which the process of forming a government coalition will begin.
Elections in Israel are held on party lists. The main contenders for the victory, as in the previous two times, are the Likud party and. about. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and the centrist block “Kahol-Lavan” of the former head of the General Staff Beni Ganz.
Opinion polls in February predicted a draw with 33 or 35 seats in a future parliament, but last week the Netanyahu party began to lead by a margin of 1-2 mandates. In the history of modern Israel, not one of the parties participating in the elections was able to get 61 out of 120 seats in parliament, and therefore, after the announcement of the results, government coalitions are created.
A survey conducted by the 13th channel of Israeli TV in anticipation of the election shows that a block of right-wing and religious parties led by Likud can count on 56 seats in the Knesset, while centrists along with left-wing parties can count on 42 seats.
According to the survey, Our Home Is Israel Party of the former Minister of Defense Avigdor Lieberman may receive seven mandates, and the Arab United List – 15. The Maariv newspaper, citing data from its opinion poll, notes that there are chances that according to the results of the elections, one of the parties will receive the minimum majority of 61 seats necessary for the formation of the new government in parliament, not large.
Then the main struggle, as analysts predict, will again go around the formation of a stable coalition, and, like last time, there is a chance.
According to the results of the first vote in 2019, held on April 9, Netanyahu was unable to form an office within the time allotted to him by law for 42 days, after which a law was passed on the self-dissolution of the Knesset of the 21st convocation and the holding of the first parliamentary elections in the history of the country on September 17.
The new vote practically did not change the balance of power in the unicameral parliament of the 22nd convocation, and Netanyahu, and then Ganz, could not create a government for the 28 days allotted to each of them. As a result, the Knesset approved on December 12, 2019 a law on self-dissolution and the holding of the second consecutive repeat election in the country on March 2.
After the April 9, 2019 election, Netanyahu leads the transitional government of Israel. To date, he has been in power unchanged since 2009 and intends to form the fourth government in a row by the results of the March 2 elections. Netanyahu first headed the government of Israel from 1996 to 1999.
– Sites and Precautions –
According to the CEC, in Israel, 6.45 million voters are registered to participate in the elections – citizens of the country over 18 years of age who are on official election day in the Jewish state or abroad. A total of 10631 polling stations will operate in Israeli territory. In large cities, they will be open from 07:00 to 22:00, in small towns, as well as in hospitals, prisons and pre-trial detention centers – from 08:00 to 20:00.
This year, in connection with the spread of coronavirus for Israeli citizens who are in a mandatory two-week quarantine, 14 isolated voting tents will be open from 10:00 to 17:00, the newspaper said Idiot Chronicles.”
Voting quarantined in ordinary polling stations will be considered a criminal offense, the publication points out. In total, over 5,600 people undergo mandatory two-week isolation, according to the Ministry of Health, so far seven cases of infection with a new coronavirus have been registered in Israel.
Moshe Bar General Director Siman-Tov, at a special briefing on March 1, urged the Israelis to go to the polls.
According to the army press service, Israel, on the day from midnight on March 2, enforces the blockade of the Palestinian territories. The military indicated that “an isolation regime will be imposed on Judea and Samaria (Israeli designation for the West Bank – approx. ed.), and border crossings on the border with the Gaza Strip will be closed” for 24 hours.
– 30 parties and associations –
30 parties and associations were registered to participate in the March 2 elections, the parliamentary press service said. By the previous elections on September 17, 32 party blocs were registered, participated in the race 29, and went to parliament 10.
Right-wing parties “New Right”, “Jewish House” and “National Union” will appear on March 2 as a single bloc of “Yamin” (“Right”) in almost the same composition as in the previous elections. The block of left-wing Israeli parties Avoda-Gesher and the ultra-left party Merets decided to go to the polls with a single list in order to guarantee overcoming the electoral barrier of 3.25%.
Among the participants in the upcoming elections, who have a chance of obtaining substantial representation in parliament, observers also highlight the ultra-Orthodox parties “United Judaism of the Torah” and the ShAS.
– Coalition formation –
After receiving the final results of the vote count, President Reuven Rivlin, in consultation with representatives of parties elected to the Knesset, will instruct one of the deputies to form a new government. As a rule, the candidate for the premiere is the leader of the party with the largest number of deputy mandates, however, the president can entrust the formation of the cabinet to the politician, whose party has not received the most votes, but is able to form a coalition supported by 61 out of 120 parliamentarians.
The first candidate for the post of prime minister for the formation of the government will have 28 days with the possibility of extension for 14 days. If he fails to do this within the specified time, the president will transfer this right to another deputy who will have only 28 days.
This article is written and prepared by our foreign editors writing for OBSERVATORY NEWS from different countries around the world – material edited and published by OBSERVATORY staff in our newsroom.
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