UNITED NATIONS (OBSERVATORY NEWS) — Jordan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates have routinely violated a UN arms embargo on Libya since 2011, according to an unpublished report prepared by UN experts and seen by AFP on Thursday.
The summary of the report, which included a year that the three countries “provided weapons routinely and sometimes blatantly with little effort to hide the source.”
Diplomats said Jordan was accused of training the forces of Khalifa Hifter, a powerful man in eastern Libya who launched a military offensive in Tripoli in April. The United Arab Emirates, another supporter of Haftar, is believed to have used bombers to support his forces.
Turkey, which declares its support for the government of Prime Minister Fayez Sarraj, to the forces of the Government of Wefaq military equipment ranging from armored vehicles to drones, according to the source.
“The parties on both sides have received weapons, military equipment, and technical support … in violation of the arms embargo,” says the UN experts’ report, which was handed over on October 29 to UN Security Council member states.
The detailed document is 85 pages long and contains more than 300 pages of annexes: photos, maps and shipments of shipments … The 15 members of the Security Council are due to discuss and approve them before the end of the month in the framework of the Sanctions Committee on Libya before its publication in December. Probably December.
The group of experts said it “has identified multiple actions that threaten security, peace and stability in Libya.”
Since the start of the attack by Field Marshal Hifter, experts said that “a new phase of instability, coupled with the interests of many countries and non-state actors, has amplified the proxy conflict that has erupted since 2011.”
“Military operations have been dominated by the use of precision-guided munitions fired from drones, which have somewhat reduced the collateral damage expected in such a conflict,” they said.
The diplomat said that the use of drones “enormous and from both sides,” confirming the accusations made this summer by the UN envoy Ghassan Salama, who expressed concern in this regard before the United Nations.
Another diplomat, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the report did not mention the presence of Russian mercenaries in Libya.
US media reported this week that hundreds of them had been deployed in Libya in recent months to support Hifter’s forces. But Moscow denied it.
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