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NASA unveils stunning new perception of black holes

UNITED STATES, WASHINGTON (OBSERVATORY) — The first image of a black hole, which scientists have obtained with the Event Horizon telescope, is one of the most amazing scientific achievements.

Capturing the “fuzzy orange ring” image across the universe requires an incredible amount of data and intelligence to produce, and scientists are now seeking to improve current technologies and tools to improve the quality of future live images of black holes.

For a better view of black holes, NASA unveiled a new perception of the round protrusion, showing a high-resolution image of a supermassive black hole actively interacting.

The impressive perception of the black hole, created by Jeremy Schnittman, using a dedicated program at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, recalls the black hole captured by the Event Horizon telescope and illustrates how the sink of galactic gravity (black holes) affects space time.

File NASA

Black holes are defined as very dense areas, located in the centers of most large galaxies, and are so powerful that light cannot escape. Black holes collect a lot of dust and gas particles, which accumulate in the form of a cylinder rising inside the hole, and surround those sinks, just like the new vision of NASA.

The incandescent cylindrical corona of the material known as the cumulative disk (a belt of gas and cosmic dust) is often the visible part of the black hole.

The new vision allows the US space agency to see the edge of the disk, resulting from intense radiation, where a large sweep of light can be detected around the black hole, and this light actually comes from a part of the cumulative disk, behind the black hole.

But gravity is so intense, even outside the horizon of the event (a boundary in space-time, as an area around the black hole), that it distorts space-time and folds the path of light around the black hole.

It can also be seen that one side of the cumulative disk is getting brighter from one side at the expense of the other, and shows that the left side is brighter than the right side as it moves near the speed of light. This motion produces a change in the frequency of the wavelength of light, called the Doppler beaming effect. The side that moves away is dim, because this movement has the opposite effect.

Such a simulation can help scientists understand extreme physics about massive black holes.

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