UNITED STATES (OBSERVATORY NEWS)
Noticeably, Qatar has intensified its diplomatic moves to contain tension in the Middle East region, since the assassination of the Iranian “Quds Force” commander, Qassem Soleimani, in a US air raid in Baghdad on January 3.
Doha has sought to reduce escalation and bring calm between Washington and Tehran, especially after Iran responded, last Wednesday, by firing missiles at two military bases in its neighbor Iraq, hosting American soldiers.
“During the crisis of Soleimani’s death, Doha made unremitting efforts, based on calm diplomacy, and seeking to defuse the crisis between Iran and the United States,” Ahmed bin Saeed Al-Rumaihi, director of the media office at the Qatari Ministry of Foreign Affairs, told Anatolia.
He referred to “a series of contacts made by the Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, with the parties to the crisis, and international actors, as well as his visit to Tehran.”
He also mentioned “the visit of the Qatari foreign minister to Tehran, last Saturday, and his contacts with the US Secretary of State (Mike Pompeo), who thanked him for Qatar’s efforts to calm regional tensions.”
Al-Rumaihi added that “Qatar warns against the continuation of the manifestations of escalation, which can lead to unimaginable consequences.”
He continued: “Qatar urged all parties to exercise restraint, in order to spare Iraq, its people and the people of the region in general, to enter into a vicious cycle of violence and the consequences of direct and indirect armed escalation.”
He called for “adopting peaceful methods to resolve differences, and raising the voice of reason and wisdom, to reduce tension and stop escalation.”
He stressed that “what the region is going through from a decisive stage requires concerted efforts that do not fight it, and provide collective and pluralism, not unilateralism, in finding solutions and building bridges of communication.”
Qatari mediation diplomacy has played an important role in many crises in the region, during the past years, thanks to the diplomatic capabilities of Doha and its strong relations with all parties, and its belief in the importance of exercising this role for the benefit of all.
– Soleimani’s file –
Since the assassination of Soleimani, Qatari officials have made a series of visits and made extensive contacts, to defuse a possible direct confrontation between Washington and Tehran.
– Emir of Qatar –
The Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, visited Tehran last Sunday. This previously unannounced visit is the most prominent Doha calm effort.
Sheikh Tamim held talks with both the Supreme Leader of the Revolution in Iran, Ali Khamenei, and the Iranian President, Hassan Rouhani.
He said, during a joint press conference with Rouhani, that they agreed that dialogue is the only solution to the crises in the region.
Sheikh Tamim also made two phone calls to Rouhani and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson.
He also telephoned US President Donald Trump, during which he discussed the latest developments in Iraq, ways to resolve contentious issues and reduce tension, to ensure security and stability.
He received a call from Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, during which they discussed what happened in Iraq recently, and ways of calm.
He also made two phone calls to both the Iraqi President, Barham Salih, and his Prime Minister, Adel Abdul-Mahdi.
Sheikh Tamim received a phone call from French President Emmanuel Macron, during which they discussed developments in the region, especially Iraq, and ways to reduce the escalation.
He held telephone discussions with Russian President, Vladimir Putin, to discuss ways of establishing regional and international peace and security.
– Minister of Foreign Affairs –
Qatari truce diplomacy was launched in this file with the visit of Qatar’s Foreign Minister, Sheikh Muhammad bin Abdul Rahman Al Thani, to Tehran, the first Gulf official to visit it, after the assassination of Soleimani.
The Qatari minister met both Rouhani, the Iranian foreign minister, Mohammad Javad Zarif, and the head of the Iranian Shura Council, Ali Larijani.
He also held a series of telephone calls in succession with his American counterpart, as well as with his Iranian, French, British, Australian, Pakistani and Indian counterparts.
The Qatari minister is scheduled to visit Iraq, on Wednesday, to discuss calm in the region, according to what his Iraqi counterpart, Muhammad Ali al-Hakim, announced on Twitter.
– Minister of Defense –
As part of the Doha efforts to calm down, the Qatari Minister of State for Defense Affairs, Khaled Al-Attiyah, held phone discussions with his French, British and Pakistani counterparts.
Al-Attiyah discussed with them developments in the region, the need to reduce escalation, and emphasize the importance of stability in Iraq.
He also held a telephone conversation with the Secretary General of NATO, Jens Stoltenberg, on developments in the region and ways to achieve stability, in cooperation with the Alliance.
Al-Attiyah met with the Iranian ambassador to Doha, Muhammad Ali Subhani, who discussed the latest developments in the region and the need to reduce escalation.
This article is written and prepared by our foreign editors writing for OBSERVATORY NEWS from different countries around the world – material edited and published by OBSERVATORY staff in our newsroom.
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