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Rouhani launches UN ‘Hormuz for Peace’ initiative

UNITED STATES, WASHINGTON (OBSERVATORY) — Iranian President Hassan Rouhani presented to the United Nations on Wednesday what he called the “Hormuz Peace Initiative” to achieve progress and prosperity, establish friendly relations and launch collective action to secure energy supplies and freedom of navigation.

In a speech to world leaders participating in the meetings of the seventy-fourth session of the General Assembly of the United Nations, Rouhani said that the region “stands on the edge of the abyss, and any mistake may ignite a great fire.”

Tensions are rising between Iran and allied groups in Arab countries on the one hand and the United States and Gulf and Western allies on the other, on the backdrop of the most prominent: the freedom of maritime navigation in the corridors of the region, especially the Strait of Hormuz, the security of oil facilities, and Iran’s nuclear program.

Rowhani stressed that Tehran “will not tolerate the provocative intervention of foreigners, and will respond firmly to any aggression.”

He addressed world leaders, saying: “Let us invest in building a better future, rather than investing in war and violence, and to return to justice, peace and covenants .. And to the negotiating table.”

“All countries affected by the development of the situation in the Gulf,” he called an initiative called the “Alliance of Hope” or the “Hormuz Peace Initiative.”

Its aim is to “promote peace, progress and prosperity for all peoples benefiting from the Strait of Hormuz, establish friendly relations and launch collective action to secure energy supplies and freedom of navigation,” he said.

He continued: “Alliance of hope depends on adherence to the principles of the United Nations, and respect for the sovereignty of States, and do not prejudice the international borders, and the settlement of differences peacefully, and non-aggression and non-interference in the internal affairs of States.”

He stressed “the importance of the participation of the United Nations in the coalition of hope, this is necessary for its success.”

He added that Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif would brief representatives of UN member states on the details of the alliance.

Rouhani warned that “the security orientation towards international navigation in the Gulf is causing more complexity.”

He believed that “the security of the region will be achieved by the departure of US forces .. The final solution to peace comes through democracy at home and diplomacy abroad.”

He added: “If the spark reached the territory of Hijaz (intended attacks on the oil company” Aramco “in Saudi Arabia) must search for those who set the fire .. Saudi security will not be achieved by summoning foreigners, and will not be achieved only by stopping the attack on Yemen.”

Since 2015, Saudi Arabia has led an alliance carrying out military operations in Yemen, supporting pro-government forces, against Iranian-backed Houthi forces that have controlled provinces, including the capital Sanaa, since 2014.

Asked about US President Donald Trump’s call for new negotiations on Iran’s nuclear program, Rowhani said: “Our response to the proposal to negotiate under sanctions is a rejection, and the only way to negotiate is to return to commitments.”

“Stop the sanctions to open the way to peace. The nuclear agreement is for us and for you the minimum. If you want more, you have to give more.”

He stressed that Iran “has been steadfast for more than a year and a half before the cruelest economic terrorism, and we do not believe the call to negotiate those who claim that they imposed on 83 million Iranians the most severe sanctions in history.”

Rouhani accused EU countries of “failing to fulfill their obligations under the 2015 nuclear deal.”

“ Despite the American withdrawal from the agreement, in 2018, Iran remained for a whole year committed to it, and gave Europe to fulfill its commitments, but Iran did not hear from Europe only beautiful words without any effective step, and it became clear to all Europe’s deficit. ”

The agreement imposes restrictions on Iran’s nuclear program, in return for lifting economic sanctions.

Rouhani said that “the plans of the United States and the Zionists of the deal of the century and recognition (of America) Jerusalem as the capital (of Israel) and the annexation of the Golan (Syria to Israel) is doomed to failure.”

The “deal of the century” is the media name of a forthcoming US plan for a political settlement in the Middle East, which is said to be based on forcing Palestinians to make unfair concessions in favor of Israel, especially on the status of occupied Jerusalem, the right of return of refugees, and the borders of the Palestinian state.

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