Top 10 most expensive wars in US history

UNITED STATES (OBSERVATORY NEWS)

The USA is the largest military power in the world. This country is also involved in the largest number of military conflicts. Undoubtedly, the conduct of hostilities is costly.

Below we will talk about the 10 most expensive wars in US history.

10. Spanish-American War

US military spending (at the exchange rate for 2019) : $ 10.33 billion

Duration : 4 months

US military losses : 2,446

Spanish-American war – military conflict between Spain and the USA in 1898. During the fighting, the United States captured the Kingdom Spain from the 16th century Cuba, Puerto Rico, Philippines.

Military operations began after the internal explosion of the battleship Maine in the harbor of Havana (Cuba), which led to US intervention in the Cuban War of Independence.

The war led to US dominance in the Caribbean and led to the acquisition by the United States of the Pacific possessions of Spain. This led to US involvement in the Philippine Revolution and, ultimately, in the Philippine-American War.

The defeat and loss of the last remnants of the Spanish Empire was a deep shock to the national consciousness of Spain and provoked a thorough philosophical and artistic reappraisal of the Spanish society known as the Generation 98.

The United States acquired several island possessions spanning the globe, and a new debate erupted in the country about the appropriateness of expansionism.

9. Civil War (Confederation)

US military spending (at the exchange rate of 2019) : $ 22.99 billion

Duration : 4 years

US military losses : 750 thousand (North and South)

US Civil War – Civil War 1861-1865 between the Union of 20 non-slave states and 4 border slave states of the North, on the one hand, and the Confederation of 11 slave states of the South.

The fighting began with the shelling of Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861 and ended with the surrender of the remnants of the army of the southerners under the command of General Stand Watie on June 23, 1865.

During the war, about 2 thousand small and large battles took place. In this war, more US citizens died than in any other of the wars in which the United States participated.

8. Civil war in the USA (North)

US military spending (at the exchange rate of 2019) : $ 68.17 billion

Duration : 4 years

US military losses : 750 thousand (North and South)

US Civil War – Civil War 1861-1865 between the Union of 20 non-slave states and 4 border slave states of the North, on the one hand, and the Confederation of 11 slave states of the South.

The fighting began with the shelling of Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861 and ended with the surrender of the remnants of the army of the southerners under the command of General Stand Watie on June 23, 1865.

During the war, about 2 thousand small and large battles took place. In this war, more US citizens died than in any other of the wars in which the United States participated.

7. The Gulf War

U.S. military spending (at 2019 exchange rate) : $ 116.6 billion

Duration : 7 months

U.S. military losses : 383

Gulf War – An armed conflict between the Multinational Force (MNF) and Iraq for the liberation and restoration of Kuwait’s independence.

The conflict is known for the unprecedented scope of the use of aviation (not in terms of the number of aircraft, but in terms of the impact on the course of hostilities), “smart” and high-precision weapons, which, according to many experts, marked the beginning of a new era in military art (also, due to the widest media coverage of the process of hostilities, it was called the “television war”).

Almost all of the former Soviet Union socialist camp allies took part in the coalition, and the Soviet Union itself, already on the verge of collapse, supported the United States for the first time.

The war had severe environmental consequences for the region. In the last weeks of the occupation of Kuwait, Iraqi forces staged a discharge of oil into the Persian Gulf.

Trying to prevent oil from entering the gulf, the Multinational Force aircraft bombarded a number of oil pumping stations with precision weapons. However, by the end of the war, about 8 million barrels of oil spilled into the bay.

In accordance with UN Security Council resolution 687 adopted after the war, United Nations experts implemented a program for the destruction of the chemical weapons that Iraq had.

In total, the experts eliminated or confirmed the voluntary liquidation by the Iraqis themselves of 88 thousand chemical munitions, more than 690 tons of reagents, 4 thousand tons of precursors and 980 pieces of equipment used to produce chemical weapons.

6. The First World War

US spending on military action (as at 2019) : $ 381.8 billion

Duration : 1 year, 7 months,

US military losses : 116 516

The First World War – one of the most large-scale armed conflict in the history of mankind.

During the war years, more than 70 million people were mobilized in the armies of the warring countries, including 60 million in Europe, of which 9 million to 10 million died. The

number of civilian casualties, according to various estimates, ranges from 7 million to 12 million people, of which about 1 million died as a result of hostilities.

About 55 million people were injured. The war served as a prologue and detonator of a number of major revolutions, including the February and October 1917 in Russia, and the November 1918 in Germany.

As a result of the war, four empires ceased to exist: the Russian, Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman and German.

In 1917, the Entente countries began to receive significant assistance from the United States (food, manufactured goods, and later reinforcements), while strengthening the economic blockade of Germany.

On August 27, 1917, the United States, and in October other countries, embarked on the greatest act of economic blockade – the general embargo on all export to neutral countries neighboring Germany.

On April 6, the United States sided with the Entente.

For the United States, losses in the war were absolutely and relatively small, the economic situation of the United States improved significantly during the war. But US public opinion was disappointed with the results of the victory and the postwar world order.

5. The Korean War

US military spending (at the exchange rate for 2019) : $ 389.81 billion

Duration : 3 years 1 month

US military losses : 36,574 The

Korean War – the conflict between the DPRK and the Republic of Korea, which lasted from June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953 g., although there was no official end to the war. Often this conflict during the Cold War is seen as an indirect war between the United States and its allies and the forces of the PRC and the USSR.

The northern coalition included: North Korea and its armed forces; the Chinese army (since it was officially believed that the PRC was not involved in the conflict, regular Chinese troops were formally considered formations of the so-called “Chinese people’s volunteers”); The USSR, which also did not officially participate in the war, but in many respects took upon itself its financing, as well as the supply of Chinese troops.

On the part of the Republic of Korea, the Republic of Korea, the USA, Great Britain, Australia, and a number of other countries took part in the war as part of the UN peacekeeping force.

In 1993, the death toll was divided by the country’s Defense Committee into 33,686 killed in hostilities, 2,830 non-combat casualties and 17,730 killed in incidents outside the Korean theater of operations during the same period.

During the war, the United States lost 1,700 tanks and armored vehicles.

4. The war in Vietnam

US military spending (at the exchange rate of 2019) : $ 843.63 billion

Duration : 17 years, 9 months

US military losses : 58,220

The Vietnam War is one of the largest military conflicts of the second half of the 20th century, which left a noticeable mark on culture and occupying a significant place in the recent history of Vietnam, as well as the USA and the USSR, who played an important role in it.

The war began as a civilian in South Vietnam. Subsequently, North Vietnam was drawn into the war, which later received the support of the PRC and the USSR, as well as the United States and its allies (the SEATO military bloc), who fulfilled their obligations to protect their friendly South Vietnam.

As events unfolded, the war became intertwined with the parallel civil wars in Laos and Cambodia. All military operations in Southeast Asia, taking place since the late 1950s. and until 1975, known as the Second Indochina War.

According to the American Gallup Institute, in 1964-1972. it was the Vietnam War that took first place among the most important problems that worried the US public. The war stirred up American public opinion.

Increasing interest at the mass level in foreign policy issues in turn affects the increasing role of public opinion in the process of formation and implementation of US foreign policy.

The Vietnam War had a very significant impact on the worldview of US residents. A new movement, a hippie, emerged from youth protesting against this war.

The culmination of the movement was the so-called “Campaign to the Pentagon”, when in October 1967, up to 100,000 young people gathered in Washington to protest the war, as well as protests during the Congress of the US Democratic Party in Chicago in August 1968.

3. The war in Afghanistan

US military spending (at the exchange rate of 2019) : $ 910.47 billion

Duration : from 2001 to 2014

US military losses : 2,285

War in Afghanistan (from 2001 to 2014) – an asymmetric military conflict between the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), supported first by the Northern Alliance and then the new government of Afghanistan, and the Islamic Taliban, which previously controlled a large part of Afghanistan. One of the stages of the civil war in Afghanistan, ongoing since 1978.

The US is conducting an operation in Afghanistan as part of Operation Enduring Freedom, launched in response to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack. The International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan (ISAF) is acting in accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 1386 of December 20, 2001. This the longest war in US history.

In July 2011, a gradual withdrawal of coalition forces from Afghanistan began. In July 2013, security in the country was handed over to local law enforcement agencies, from which moment the coalition contingent plays a supporting role. In fact, the war was ended only formally, but in fact continued even further.

2. Iraq war

US military spending (at the exchange rate for 2019) : $ 1.01 trillion

Duration : 7 years 5 months

US military losses : 4,410

Iraq war – a military conflict that began with the invasion of US forces and their allies in Iraq to overthrow Saddam’s power Hussein.

In 2002-2003 the American administration has made great efforts to prove that the power of Saddam Hussein is a danger to the international community. Iraq was accused of resuming the development of weapons of mass destruction and of collaborating with international terrorist organizations.

The stay of foreign troops in Iraq was first authorized by the UN Security Council in 2004 (resolution 1546) and then extended in accordance with resolutions 1637, 1723 and 1790. In the summer of 2009, the last contingents of US allies left Iraq. By August 1, only American and British troops remained in the country.

Data on US casualties during the conflict varies widely.

According to Iraqi rebels, between 30,000 and 40,000 US troops died in the conflict.

In addition, the fighting in Iraq has caused stress, suicide and desertion among US Army personnel: according to the Pentagon, only from the beginning of the military operation in Iraq in 2003 until the end of 2009, nearly 8 thousand deserted from the US armed forces. military personnel who participated in the Iraq war.

According to Iran’s IRGC, real US military losses are 2.5 times greater than claimed.

1. World War II

US military spending (at the exchange rate for 2019) : $ 4.69 trillion

Duration : 3 years 9 months

US military losses : 405,399

World War II – the war of the two world military-political coalitions, which has become the largest armed conflict in the history of mankind. It was attended by 62 states out of 73 that existed at that time (80% of the world’s population).

The fighting took place in Europe, Asia and Africa and in the waters of all oceans. This is the only conflict in which nuclear weapons have been used.

On December 7, 1941, the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, the United States entered World War II, declaring war on Japan on December 8.

On August 6 and 9, 1945, the United States carried out atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Japan). Kills about 250 thousand people, mostly civilians.

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