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UN calls for trial of Myanmar army leadership for genocide of Rohingya

UNITED STATES (OBSERVATORY) – A new UN report confirmed that there is sufficient evidence to try the leadership of the Myanmar army and its leader, Min Aung Khalain, for the genocide of the Rohingya in Rakhine State in 2017.

The authors of the report of the independent UN mission to investigate the events in Myanmar, which will be officially presented on September 18 during the new session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, indicated that the Myanmar authorities did not allow them to enter the territory of the country and therefore had to conduct their investigation on the basis of Interviews with victims and eyewitnesses and using satellite images, regular images and video recordings.

During their work, the experts visited Bangladesh, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Britain.

The mission’s representatives confirmed in the report that the leadership of the Myanmar Army had been practicing genocide against the Rohingya population and had committed crimes against humanity and war crimes in the states of Rakhine, Kachin and Shan, in collusion with civilian authorities.

According to the report, what happened in Myanmar in March 2017 “is undoubtedly a serious crime under international law.” There is talk of mass rape, attacks on children, complete burning of villages, torture, disappearances and sexual slavery. He also pointed to the existence of elements of crimes against humanity in Rakhine State, adding that the collective escape of the Rohingya after the events of 25 August 2017 was not the result of a single military operation, but the policy exercised by the authorities on a permanent basis against the Rohingya.

The report also stressed that there was plenty of information available to investigate, prosecute senior military officials and determine their responsibility for genocide in Rakhine State.

The report includes the list of people suspected of committing these crimes, including Myanmar Army Commander General Min Aung Khalain and five other leaders. The comprehensive list of names was transmitted to the High Commissioner for Human Rights. It is also expected to be delivered to any credible court.

The UN mission called for the transfer of the investigation into the situation in Myanmar to the International Criminal Court or the establishment of a separate international tribunal to try those responsible for the crimes committed in that country.