UN report concludes with the participation of foreign armed groups in Libyan war

UNITED STATES (OBSERVATORY NEWS) — A United Nations report was released on Tuesday on the situation in Libya, which talked about the participation of foreign groups, particularly from Sudan and Chad, in the battles taking place in Libya between the forces of Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar and those of the government of reconciliation.

But the report did not mention what was reported recently in the media about the presence of Russian mercenaries in these battles.

A United Nations report concluded that armed groups from Sudan and Chad are participating in the fighting in Libya in 2019. The report released on Tuesday did not mention the presence of Russian mercenaries, whom the media recently disclosed.

Russia has denied reports that several hundred mercenaries have been supporting the strongman in eastern Libya, Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar since last summer, while trying to control the capital, Tripoli, in April.

The Russian mercenaries have not been touched because their activities began “shortly” after the end of the investigations by the authors of the report, and UN experts charged with implementing the arms embargo issued in 2011, according to an unidentified diplomat.

“They are gathering evidence of Russian activities and will work to update their abstracts in the coming months. It is known that a large number of Russian mercenaries are fighting in Libya,” he said.

In early November, a summary of the experts’ report, which the French news agency was able to read, showed that Jordan, the United Arab Emirates, and Turkey had systematically violated the arms embargo in favor of Haftar’s forces (for the first two countries), and the reconciliation government headed by Fayez al-Sarraj for Ankara, and on Tuesday, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced that he is ready to send troops to Libya to support the Saraj government, which would constitute a new violation of United Nations resolutions.

In their detailed report, which includes photographs and maps, United Nations experts refer to equipment (missiles, drones …) that were manufactured especially in Russia, China and the United States, explaining that there is no evidence that these countries delivered them directly. “Both parties to the conflict have received weapons, military equipment and technical support and are using non-Libyan fighters, in violation of arms sanctions,” the experts wrote.

Money for fighters

Considering that their contribution was not decisive in relation to the conflict, the report details five Sudanese and four Chadian groups.

On the Sudanese side, it comes to the Sudan Liberation Army – Abdul Wahid faction with 200 fighters, the SLA – Mina Minnawi with 300 fighters, and the SLA gathered with 500 to 700 fighters working for Field Marshal Haftar.

United Nations experts say that a thousand Sudanese Rapid Support Forces soldiers were deployed in Libya on July 25, 2019 by order of General Mohamed Hamdan Diqlo, known as Basma Hamidati.

Experts confirm that they learned of a contract signed in Khartoum on May 7, 2019 between Daglo, on behalf of the Sudanese Transitional Council, and the Canadian company, Dickens and Madison.

Under the contract, the Canadian company pledges to obtain from the Libyan Military Council in the east of the country funds for the Sudanese Transitional Council in exchange for military aid to the Libyan National Army led by Haftar.

The report indicates that the Sudanese Justice and Equality Movement is interfering in favor of the National Accord government in Tripoli. He also affirms, “The Panel of Experts believes that Sudan and the team are the first Daglu to violate” Resolution 1973, which imposes an arms embargo to Libya.

Among the Chadian groups identified by the experts, Haftar benefited from the alternation and reconciliation front in Chad with 700 men. Two movements work for his competitor, Fayez al-Sarraj: the Military Command Council to save the republic with 300 men, and the Union of Resistance Forces, which was widespread in southern Libya until February 2019.

There is a belief that there is one last Chadian group, the Union of Forces for Democracy and Development, with about 100 fighters belonging to factions support either the National Accord government or the Haftar forces, according to experts.

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