UNITED STATES (OBSERVATORY NEWS) — The UN Security Council adopted a resolution on Wednesday calling for a “permanent ceasefire” in Libya, which has been witnessing a fragile truce since January.
The text of the resolution prepared by Britain and approved by 14 votes out of 15 in the council after Russia abstained from voting was subject to extensive discussion over three weeks, which confirms the continued sharp international division over Libya despite the recent reaching of an international consensus on the need to stop foreign interference in the country and keep The arms embargo.
The resolution stresses “the necessity of establishing a permanent and unconditional cease-fire in Libya at the earliest opportunity.”
London insisted that the text of the resolution include “concern (of the Council) over the increasing involvement of mercenaries in Libya.”
Russia last week suspended the adoption of the draft resolution after objecting to the term “mercenaries” and demanded that it be replaced by “foreign terrorist fighters”.
Libya, which has the largest oil reserves in Africa, has sunk in violence and power struggles since the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi’s regime in 2011 following a popular uprising.
Power has been contested in Libya since 2015 by two authorities, the internationally recognized government of national reconciliation based in Tripoli and backed by Turkey, and a parallel authority in the east led by Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar supported by Russia, Egypt and the UAE.
A truce was reached since January 12 in the fighting on the outskirts of the capital Tripoli between the forces of the Al-Wefaq government headed by Faiz al-Sarraj and Haftar forces that since April 2019 launched a military campaign to control Tripoli.
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