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UN Security Council extended sanctions against Libya

UNITED STATES (OBSERVATORY NEWS) — The UN Security Council adopted a resolution on the extension of sanctions against Libya , including the arms embargo, a ban on the import and export of petroleum products, the RIA correspondent reports.

14 members of the UN Security Council voted for the resolution. Russia abstained.
“The Security Council decides to extend until April 30, 2021 the validity of the permits and measures provided for by resolution 2146,” the document says.

Resolution 2146 was adopted in 2014 and prohibited the illegal export of crude oil from Libya and gave UN member states the power to inspect ships on the high seas.

“We could not support the draft resolution prepared by Great Britain and Germany, extending the sanctions regime against Libya, because it took into account our principled and duly substantiated comments,” said Vasily Nebenzya, Russian envoy to the UN at a meeting of the UN Security Council.

He noted that the co-authors included in the resolution innovations on the illegal import of petroleum products into Libya.

The text says that “the Security Council condemns the attempts to illegally export oil, including crude, and oil products from Libya.” However, unlike the last time the sanctions were extended, the current document mentions the import of petroleum products into Libya. In particular, the text says that the Security Council “asks a group of experts to closely monitor the illegal import into Libya” of oil, including oil products.

“We would like to emphasize that the negative impact of the import of petroleum products on the Libyan economy is not so obvious. Now about three quarters of the total volume of petroleum products are imported into Libya due to the decline in its own refining capacities,” Nebenzya said.

According to him, “the colossal part in this is due to the efforts of armed groups to the domestic” black market “, as well as abroad.” “We must not forget about the needs of Libyans living in the east of the country, to which the supply of petroleum products simply does not reach,” he added.

He emphasized that the natural wealth of Libya should be used for the benefit of the country’s population, and not serve the vested interests of outside states. “All issues relating to control of the oil infrastructure and export operations should be decided by the Libyans themselves,” the permanent representative added.

According to the text of the resolution, the UN Security Council “calls for full compliance with the arms embargo and further calls on all member states not to intervene in the conflict and not to take measures that exacerbate the conflict.” In addition, according to the text, individuals and legal entities that violate the ban on the supply of weapons “are to be included in the sanctions list.”

After the overthrow and assassination of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, Libya virtually ceased to function as a single state. Dual power reigns in the country now. The parliament elected by the people sits in the east, and in the west, in the capital Tripoli, the Government of National Accord, formed with the support of the UN and the European Union, rules.

The authorities of the eastern part of the country operate independently of Tripoli and cooperate with the army of Marshal Khalifa Haftar.

In Berlin on January 19, an international conference on Libya was held with the participation of Russia, the USA, Turkey, Egypt and several other countries, as well as the EU and the UN. It was not possible to organize direct negotiations between the parties to the Libyan conflict at the event.

The main outcome of the conference was an appeal by its participants to a ceasefire in Libya and an obligation to refrain from interfering in the conflict, observing the embargo on the supply of arms to the parties. In addition, participants in the meeting proposed the establishment of a ceasefire monitoring committee.

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