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UN Security Council extends arms embargo on Somalia

UNITED STATES (OBSERVATORY NEWS) — The UN Security Council on Friday adopted a US resolution to extend the arms embargo on Somalia for a year.

The extension of international sanctions on Somalia is part of efforts to combat the armed “Al-Shabab” movement, in conjunction with operations carried out by the US Command in Africa (AFRICOM) on the ground, in coordination with the Somali government, against the movement.

The resolution, seen by Anatolia and unanimously adopted by the 15-nation council, authorized maritime interdiction to ban illegal arms imports and coal exports.

The resolution also renewed the mandate of the Panel of Experts on Somalia until 15 December 2020.

The International Panel of Experts on Somalia was established by Council resolution 751 in 1992.

The objective of the Panel is to monitor sanctions measures against Somalia, which include an arms embargo on the African country, a travel ban on anyone and an asset freeze as determined by the Panel of Experts, as well as a ban on the import of Somali coal.

The resolution stressed that “the delivery of heavy weapons to Somali security forces (such as surface-to-air missiles and weapons larger than 12.7 mm) and lighter weapons (smaller caliber, as well as technical advice and training) require advance notification to the Commission.

Resolution 2498 excluded the entry into force of the arms embargo and the provision of technical advice and training to missions; the United Nations (UNISOM), the African Union (AMISOM) and the European Union (ETIM) in Somalia.

The resolution condemned al-Shabaab’s revenue from natural resources, including coal, and taxes on goods such as sugar and agricultural production.

The Group of Experts was requested to make recommendations to the Committee in order to improve the capacity of the sanctions regime to target the revenues of the armed movement.

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