UNITED STATES (OBSERVATORY) – What is the fate of the Iranian nuclear agreement with the European and Western countries after the threats of the US President to withdraw from it unless it is modified? Does Iran accept the opening of the door for negotiations, for a modified agreement that meets US demands during the Trump era?
Two questions have emerged from a number of questions raised on an issue that has been at the forefront of international affairs in recent days amidst American and international moves going in different directions.
In the latest US statement on the issue, the new US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo of the Saudi capital Riyadh, which chose to be the first stop in the Middle East tour that “Iran is acting worse after the signing of the nuclear agreement” with European and Western countries in 2015.
“The withdrawal from the nuclear agreement with Iran will be our choice if it is not amended,” Pompeo told a news conference, adding that “the agreement in its current form has not succeeded in deterring Iran in many areas.”
The statements of the new US Secretary of State, the latest in the context of the US position, expressed by US President Donald Trump repeatedly, rejecting the nuclear agreement with Iran in its current form, Trump had described the nuclear agreement as “the worst agreement at all,” and threatened to re-impose sanctions on Iran next month unless the European allies (Britain, France and Germany) agree to amend it.
On the other hand, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, during talks with his Iranian counterpart Jawad Zarif in Moscow and discussed the issue, said that the situation on the Iranian nuclear file is of concern to Moscow, while Kremlin spokesman (Dmitry Peskov) said that the nuclear agreement with Iran must Remains the only substantive reference to any subsequent negotiations on this file, stressing the importance of maintaining the current comprehensive work plan on the Iranian program.
Russia, China, Germany, Britain and France, which have signed the deal with Iran and the United States, see the agreement as the best way to prevent Tehran from developing a nuclear bomb.
US President Donald Trump has held talks with French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who have visited Washington recently, and reported differences in views between them and the US president on the agreement.
While the two European leaders sought to persuade Washington not to withdraw from the agreement with Iran, reports said that the French president had called for a supplementary agreement in his bid to persuade Trump to stay in the agreement, while other reports indicated that the German chancellor expressed during her talks With Trump on the need to maintain the agreement despite the belief that it is not enough.
On the other hand, most of the positions of Iranian politicians seem to reject the American position, rejecting any amendment to the agreement. Ali Akbar Velayati, the Iranian president’s political advisor, said that his country would not accept any amendment to the nuclear agreement, adding that Iran would withdraw from the nuclear agreement if Washington withdrew from it.
Velayati said the nuclear deal must be implemented as it was signed, and that it would lose its importance if the Europeans tried to impose sanctions on Iran over its missile program or its policy in the region.