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The end of the world will not happen? Myths and realities about nuclear war

UNITED STATES (OBSERVATORY) –┬áThe Clock of the End of the World was recently advanced by 30 seconds. Only three minutes are separating humanity from a nuclear disaster. But what would be the real consequences of this disaster that is so often mentioned?

Infinite deserts populated by mutants where still recently life was in full swing is not the image of the consequences of a nuclear war that mass culture has rooted in our minds? The anxiety is further exacerbated by frightening figures: about 1.15 billion lives will be lost just by the very first strike. Those who survive will not be left behind: famine, radiation and nuclear winter. But is this apocalyptic scenario really true? Let’s try to answer this question!

How many people will die in strikes against the cities?

At present, Russia and the United States have just over 1,500 nuclear warheads deployed and ready for use. Most of them point to military installations: missile silos, submarine bases launching machines and strategic planes. The number of these targets is several hundred. It is also the stocks of nuclear weapons and some non-military strategic sites that will be targeted.

Nor should we be fooled by the fact that the country that will unleash the nuclear conflict will immediately launch all its forces. All this for what? To say that few forces will target cities.

According to the rough calculations made by the author of a publication dedicated to this subject and published on the site , the nuclear warheads of the Russian and American arsenal will not be able to kill 1.15 billion people, or even 350 millions of people in the urban population of these two countries. It is difficult to give a precise figure. According to US researchers, the number of victims of a Russian nuclear attack on the United States will not exceed 132 million . After all, much of Russia and America will not be destroyed because of their large size. Non-participating countries will not suffer any significant loss.

What about radiation?

To answer this question, think of Chernobyl in Ukraine: today, the area around the home of the worst nuclear disaster of the twentieth century is nothing but the richest animal species park in Europe. So, based on the experience obtained at the end of this tragic page of history, we can assume that 10 years after the nuclear strike, the epicenter of the explosion of the warhead would become habitable, estimates the author of the publication.

What’s more, the total number of victims of the disaster does not exceed 4,000 people, studies show.

And the nuclear precipitation, will you say? They will be insignificant. To reach the maximum number of victims of nuclear strikes, the height of the detonation of a warhead should be above 1,500 meters. The higher the atomic explosion, the less material it can carry and the less radioactive dust.

What about the famous nuclear winter? Some believe that the purpose of the emergence of this theory was to contribute to the international establishment of nuclear arms control. For that, to renounce it would be comparable to opposing peace. Moreover, those who tried to demystify this theory were soon accused of fascism.

The shadow of the war

It is hard to imagine a conscious nuclear war. The fact is that such a war would be an instant suicide for the country that will start it. In addition, the Chinese have long made clear to everyone that they will not start a nuclear war.

However, a nuclear war can begin without the knowledge of politicians. It suffices to have a series of pernicious misunderstandings, as in the course of the 1983 exercises. There are many scenarios for launching a nuclear war by accident. If this happens, nuclear weapons could cause enormous damage.

The conventional wisdom that a nuclear war is going to kill humanity is not criticized. In case, you have to be ready. Stress, fears, ignorance could kill more people. 80% of people are unaware of what needs to be done during a nuclear war and this is enough to increase the losses caused by an atomic attack.